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The latest ideas and inspiration from around the world
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Tap water, crop irrigation and other human uses around the world are using groundwater at 3.5 times the sustainable rate. In some cases, water is being sucked from aquifers (underground water-bearing formations) faster than new water can filter in. In others, “fossil aquifers” – formations that no longer replenish – are being used up. Solutions being explored include improving the efficiency of water use by agriculture and encouraging conservation in homes and businesses.

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At last, a good use for that chemistry book you last cracked in 2001. Green Textbooks finds new homes for textbooks, software, study guides and related educational material up to 20 years old, saving them from landfills and providing a valuable source of knowledge to individuals who lack other options. Every book donated to the organization is either used or recycled into new paper products. Photo by Sarah Cady (Flickr | Creative Commons).

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It’s easy to identify the obvious challenges to biodiversity: climate change, invasive species, habitat loss. Less obvious are the things we’re not thinking of but should. Led by Cambridge University conservation biologist William Sutherland, scientists from around the world recently completed an elaborate “horizon scanning” exercise to identify 15 relatively obscure global events and trends that stand to have huge impact on biodiversity conservation. Among them: growth of concentrated solar power, the increase in demand for coconut water and the use of antimicrobials in health care and food industries.

Photo from Flickr | Aziz T. Saltik  

According to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, nearly half of the fish consumed in the world today come from aquaculture. Fish Meat, a new documentary from Fish Navy Films, explores the pros and cons of this growing industry while looking at what the future of aquaculture means for global food production and the environment. Photo by Aziz T. Saltick (Flickr | Creative Commons)

Graphene - Photo by Conrad Gesner  

The European Union is betting 1 billion Euros ($1.3B U.S.) on graphene – a wonder material that is said to be 100-300 times stronger than steel and conducts electricity much better than copper. Graphene has the potential to revolutionize entire industries and can be applied to a range of applications from flexible electronics and advanced batteries to more energy efficient airplanes. The Graphene Flagship research consortium is being coordinated by Chalmers University of Technology in Gothenburg, Sweden.

Photo by Conrad Gesner.

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Does your business have a product or idea that will measurably reduce the burden of global plastic pollution? If so, the Plastic Pollution Coalition wants to hear from you! Enter the Think Beyond Plastic competition for a chance to win a $50,000 first prize, plus other benefits to the most innovative idea. But hurry — the competition closes March 10, with awards presented at a public event in Berkeley, Calif., in June.

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Does conservation need a new narrative that accounts for human economy, engages local ownership, values ecosystem services and motivates private and public partnership for investment in natural infrastructure? That’s the question nearly three dozen conservation leaders tackled most recently as part of the Dialogue on Conservation in the 21st Century convened by the Aspen Institute’s Energy and Environment Program. Check out the dialogue’s report, Nature as Foundation of Economy: Investing in Natural Infrastructure for Conservation Supporting Human Development. Photo by Brian Gratwicke (Flickr | Creative Commons)

Vibro-wind panels  

Most wind generators go around and around. This one just waves. Inspired by the rustling of leaves in the breeze, Cornell University faculty Frank Moon and Kevin Pratt are working on capturing wind energy through panels that oscillate rather than blades that spin. The approach could find application in restricted spaces such as urban areas unsuitable for conventional turbines.

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Lorna Rutto looked around her childhood neighborhood in Nairobi, Kenya, and saw three big problems: plastic litter, disappearing trees and jobless workers. Instead of despairing, she created a company that makes fence posts and lumber from discarded bags. EcoPost has salvaged more than 1 million kilograms of plastic waste for wood-replacement products since it began in 2009.

Ants crawling over a stick  

The species we encounter on a typical day make up only the tiniest fraction of what’s out there. To make it easier to learn about them and share that knowledge, the Encyclopedia of Life is working to bring info on every known species together from all over the world. So far contributors have created more than 1.1 million species pages. Check out your favorites and learn how you can contribute at eol.org.

Two women using a solar cooker  

Desperate for fuel to power their wood-fired cook stoves, residents of Tilori, a rural village in Haiti, were harvesting trees faster than they could regrow. Convinced food and forest don’t have to be an either-or proposition, The Nature Conservancy and Solar Household Energy, Inc., began working several years ago with government and other nonprofit organizations to find a better option. Along with a tree-planting project, the team brought 30 solar ovens to the community. Tilori women now use the ovens regularly to cook meals, helping the forest heal and reducing health-harming pollutants from conventional cooking.

Photo of Walk on Watts  

Power to change our planet may soon be as close as your own two feet. PaveGen produces pavers that use the energy of footsteps to generate electricity. Good for high traffic areas, the pavers took a step toward a more sustainable world as part of an installation near London’s Olympic Village. Learn more at pavegen.com.

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As the components of solar collectors get smaller, ideas about how to apply them grow. Notre Dame scientist Matthew Genovese and colleagues recently developed a liquid suspension of sunlight-capturing nanoparticles that can be applied to a surface to create a thin layer that transforms energy from the sun into electricity. Called “Sunbelievable,” the coating still needs perfecting to become practical, with efficiencies in the range of 1 percent. But the proof of concept takes the idea of painting the town with solar closer to reality.

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